Gum disease, aka, periodontal disease, is an affliction in the gums with oral bacteria, resulting in inflammation and irritation of the gum tissue. Unfortunately, many adults will suffer from gum disease at some point in their lives. In its early stages, it is easy to treat with basic oral hygiene practices. However, as it worsens, it becomes harder to treat and may lead to more serious oral health problems, like loose and missing teeth.
Gum disease happens in several stages. Early-stage gum disease is known as gingivitis, a term that simply means inflammation of the gums. Late-stage gum disease is known as periodontitis, a condition that refers to inflammation of the periodontal ligaments. These connective tissues anchor your teeth into your jaw bone. Symptoms of gum disease start off as rather minor but become harder to overlook as the condition worsens. Here are the hallmark symptoms of both gingivitis and periodontitis.
Signs of early-stage gum disease include swelling, redness, and sensitivity in the gums. You may notice some bleeding after brushing or flossing. Additionally, your gums may feel sore if you chew something overly tough or crunchy. Many patients with gingivitis have bad breath that does not go away with brushing, flossing, and the use of mouthwash.
Yes, Gum disease can be cured as it is all about removing bacteria from your mouth and allowing gums to go back to a healthy state.
Yes, gum disease is reversible and can only be eliminated by a professional cleaning at dental clinics.
Following are the three stages of gum disease.
Stage 1: Gingivitis- Initial
Stage 2: Periodontitis- severe with potential for tooth loss.
Stage 3: Advanced periodontitis- severe with potential for losing all teeth.
Factors that are responsible for gum disease include: