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Gum Disease
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Gum disease, aka, periodontal disease, is an affliction in the gums with oral bacteria, resulting in inflammation and irritation of the gum tissue. Unfortunately, many adults will suffer from gum disease at some point in their lives. In its early stages, it is easy to treat with basic oral hygiene practices. However, as it worsens, it becomes harder to treat and may lead to more serious oral health problems, like loose and missing teeth.

It is necessary to be on the lookout for signs of gum disease so that if they do appear, you can seek treatment as soon as possible. As with most oral health ailments, gum disease is much easier to prevent than it is to treat.

Gum Disease Symptoms

Gum disease happens in several stages. Early-stage gum disease is known as gingivitis, a term that simply means inflammation of the gums. Late-stage gum disease is known as periodontitis, a condition that refers to inflammation of the periodontal ligaments. These connective tissues anchor your teeth into your jaw bone. Symptoms of gum disease start off as rather minor but become harder to overlook as the condition worsens. Here are the hallmark symptoms of both gingivitis and periodontitis.


Signs of early-stage gum disease include swelling, redness, and sensitivity in the gums. You may notice some bleeding after brushing or flossing. Additionally, your gums may feel sore if you chew something overly tough or crunchy. Many patients with gingivitis have bad breath that does not go away with brushing, flossing, and the use of mouthwash.


As gum disease worsens, you may begin to notice pockets forming between your teeth and gums. Your teeth may start to feel like they are loose in their sockets. Bleeding will worsen, and it may look like your teeth are becoming longer as your gums recede, exposing a more substantial portion of the tooth roots. Most people with periodontitis notice that their teeth become very sensitive to heat, cold, and pressure. This is because the nerves in the tooth roots are closer to the surface, and when they are exposed by receding gums, they react strongly to stimuli.

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FAQ for Gum Disease

Yes, Gum disease can be cured as it is all about removing bacteria from your mouth and allowing gums to go back to a healthy state.

Yes, gum disease is reversible and can only be eliminated by a professional cleaning at dental clinics.

Following are the three stages of gum disease.

Stage 1: Gingivitis- Initial

Stage 2: Periodontitis- severe with potential for tooth loss. 

Stage 3: Advanced periodontitis- severe with potential for losing all teeth.

Factors that are responsible for gum disease include: 

  • Gingivitis. 
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco. 
  • Genetics
  • Inadequate nutrition, including vitamin C deficiency
  • Obesity. 
  • Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy or menopause, etc.