What effect does protein deficiency have on dental bones?

Dental Implants, Gum Grafting, Gum disease

Recent research has discovered that the protein deficiency – tristetraprolin (TTP) – can lead to rapid bone loss in a human. The loss from this protein supplement is rather severe, with the person possibly losing as much as 20 percent of oral bone loss in as little as nine months.

What Was The Experimental Study Conducted On Protein Deficiency?

The study was published in the Journal of Dental Research, and mice were used in the experiment. There were three groups of mice, and one group did not have the gene. Another group had genes that produced an overabundance of tristetraprolin (TTP), and the other group produced an average amount. 

When the study was looking for Protein Deficiency symptoms, they examined the osteoclasts in the oral tissue. Osteoclasts are cells that break down bone. When the mice in the group were examined at three months, the group without TTP had already lost 14 percent of the bone in the jaw. They were also checked at six and nine months. The group without TTP had lost as much as 19 percent of their jawbone by that time. 

Another key finding was that some inflammatory conditions had developed during the protein deficiency test. The mice without the protein had periodontitis, arthritis, eczema, and other conditions caused by inflammation. It was also discovered that the bacteria that usually occurs in the mouth of the mice had been altered, leading researchers to believe that a lack of the gene allowed the wrong types of bacteria – pathogenic types – to multiply out of their average proportion. 

What Were The Protein Deficiency Outcomes?

You cannot know whether or not you have the protein deficiency of tristetraprolin unless you have a gene test. However, you can find out whether you or others in your family and relatives have periodontitis. This destructive gum disease should be treated quickly if you have it. If your family has a history of it, you should be going to a dentist regularly to help you know if it develops and treat it.

What Is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a Gum disease that starts as gingivitis, which is a mild form. It can usually be eliminated by brushing twice a day and flossing. The two symptoms of periodontitis are red and inflamed gums and gums that bleed when you brush them. 

The leading cause of gum disease is a lack of proper care of your teeth. If this pattern is allowed to continue, it will become periodontitis sooner or later. This will have the following symptoms: 

  • Gums that bleed easily 
  • Receding gums
  • Inflamed gums
  • Gums pulling away from the teeth
  • Pockets forming on gums
  • Pus at the gum line
  • Bad breath
  • Teeth becoming loose
  • Teeth falling out.

In some people, periodontitis can advance quickly. This may be because of other genes, but not having this gene means that care needs to be given quickly. Periodontitis will not go away on its own, and you cannot get rid of it yourself. 

What Are The Additional Problems Associated With Periodontitis?

Besides the possibility of periodontitis, the person not having this gene is also at risk for osteoporosis. Other problems related to protein deficiency symptoms – possibly even more severe – are also at stake. Researchers have discovered that there has been a strong connection between periodontitis and other major health problems in the past few years. 

The bacteria that cause periodontitis, along with the inflammation, are behind many other major diseases. It includes cardiovascular disease, heart attacks, stroke, several types of cancer, and more.

How Can You Treat Periodontitis?

Dentists have several ways to treat periodontitis to avoid bone loss problems, but it depends on how advanced it has become. There are four stages of the disease, with the last stage causing the teeth to fall out. Before this occurs, though, the ligaments that support the teeth, the gums, and some of the jawbone have already been at least partly destroyed by the bacteria and inflammation. 

Treating Periodontitis – A Protein Deficiency Problem

During treatment, the dentist must eradicate the bacteria and destroy tissue and inflammation from the pockets on the gums. This may involve a non-surgical treatment (scaling and root planning), surgical (pocket reduction), or both. 

After this has been completed, the dentist may need to do some restoration. If teeth have been lost, they will need to be restored – usually with Dental Implants. Other repair work may also be done, such as bone and Gum Grafting. Whether or not you are deficient in the tristetraprolin protein, you still should take good care of your teeth and gums. Following are the ways to avoid such gum issues: 

  • You should brush your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes time. 
  • Then, you also need to floss. 
  • Avoid tobacco. 
  • Make regular dental appointments for checkups and cleaning. 
  • Let the dentist help you to protect or treat your gums for periodontal disease. 

Dr. Venkataraman, DDS

Meet Our Dentist – Periodontist, Dr. Archana Venkataraman, DDS, MSD, a Board-Certified Periodontist at ToothHQ Dental Specialists Grapevine. Dr. Venkataraman can’t wait to meet you and discuss your teeth replacement options.

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